Blood Tests Parameters You Need To Know About
October 23, 2021 | By StayHappi Pharmacy
Updated On - January 10, 2022
Regular blood testing is one of the most important and easiest ways for keeping the track of your overall physical well-being. Getting your tests done at routine intervals will allow you to see the ways in which your body changes over time and empowers you to make informed decisions about your health.
Everything you eat and drink contains lots and different types of vitamins, minerals, proteins, and other nutrients which can cause the related levels in your blood to temporarily spike or drop. Fasting for 8–12 hours helps in ensuring that your blood test results are free from any of these variables, making your test results as accurate as possible. Some common tests that may require fasting include:
- Cholesterol tests
- Blood sugar tests
- Liver function tests
- Kidney function tests
- Basic metabolic panel
- Glucose tests
During a routine physical, a doctor may order one of the following tests:
1. Complete Blood Count –
A complete blood count (CBC) measures a variety of blood components, such as red blood cells, white blood cells. Hemoglobin, platelets, mean corpuscular volume (MCV); which tells the average size of the red blood cells in your body and hematocrit, which tells how much space the RBC’s are taking up in your blood.
This test helps the doctor in identifying blood disorders or diseases, such as issues with clotting, anemia, infection, inflammation, or immune system disorders. A person will need to fast for 24 hours before a CBC test (only if their doctor asks them to).
2. Blood Enzyme Tests –
Blood enzyme test measures the levels of some specific enzymes in your body. Your body produces enzymes which help in controlling the chemical reactions taking place within the body.
These tests help the doctor in identifying specific health problems, like a heart attack. If the doctor suspects a heart attack, he/she will check the levels of the cardiac troponin enzyme, which is released by the heart when it is injured.
3. Blood Clotting Tests –
A blood clotting test is also known as the coagulation panel. This tests looks for the protein which helps the blood in clotting. The doctor might order this test if they’re doubtful that the person might have a blood clotting disorder.
If the person is taking warfarin or other blood thinning medications, a doctor will likely use a specific blood clotting test as part of routine monitoring.
4. Lipoprotein Panel –
- If the doctor wants to evaluate a person’s risk for developing a coronary heart disease or any other type of atherosclerotic problems, they will probably order a lipoprotein panel, or lipid panel. This test will provide information about the person’s:
- Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) Cholesterol Level
- High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) Cholesterol Level
- Total Cholesterol Level
- Triglycerides Level in the Blood
According to the Department of Health and Human Services, a person will need to fast for 8-12 hours before a lipoprotein panel. If the test results signify abnormal levels of any cholesterol or triglycerides, it could indicate that the person is at a higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
5. Basic Metabolic Panel –
The Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP) measures the levels of different chemicals found in the plasma portion of the blood. The BMP is also known as Blood chemistry 8 Test. It provides all the information about your muscles, bones and organs. The BMP tests look at the following things:
- Uncorrected Calcium Levels: An abnormal level of calcium indicates that the person has underlying conditions related to their kidneys, bones, cancer, malnutrition, or other diseases.
- Glucose Level: Higher than normal blood glucose levels indicates that the person has diabetes or is at risk of developing diabetes. Some people may need to fast before a blood glucose test.
- Kidneys: The presence of excess waste products in the blood, such as blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine, can indicate a problem with the kidneys.
- Electrolytes: The presence of abnormal electrolyte levels could indicate an issue with dehydration, kidneys, or other underlying conditions.